Jammu, the ancient city of temples is the summer capital
of Jammu and Kashmir, the crown of India. Nestling in
the foothills of the Himalayas, with the river Tawi
flowing alongside, Jammu is the place that Raja Jambhu
Lochan discovered one day while he was on a hunting
trip. He decided to build a city on this land where no
living creature seemed to bear enmity towards each
other. Little is known of Jammu's subsequent history
until, in 1730 AD, it came under the rule of the Dogra
king, Raja Dhruv Deva. The Dogra rulers moved their
capital to the present site and Jammu became an
important centre of art and culture, especially the
Pahari school of paintings.
Places To See / Excursions
Bahu Fort & Gardens -
Situated 5 kms away from the city centre, Bahu Fort
stands on a rock face on the left bank of the river Tawi.
Perhaps the oldest fort and edifice in the city, it was
constructed originally by Raja Bahulochan over 3,000
years ago. The existing fort was more recently improved
upon and extended by the Dogra rulers. Inside, there is
a temple dedicated to the Hindu goddess Kali. An
extensive terraced garden, known as Bagh-e-Bahu, has
been developed around the fort.
129 Kms.from Jammu and only 19 Kms. from patnitop is Sanasar
(2079 m), a satellite resort of Patnitop, with a
cup-shaped meadow surrounded by gigantic conifers. A
place for a quiet holiday, the meadow has now been
developed as a golf course. There are several walks in
the surrounding hills. The resort itself is ideal for
paragliding, which is being promoted by the Tourism
Department. Equipment can be hired from the tourist
office in Jammu city. May to June and September to
October are suitable months for paragliding in Sanasar.
Tourists with own vehicle can go on to Sansar from
Patnitop and return by the evening. The resort is 19 kms
from Patnitop and a road connects the two. Sansar can be
reached by bus or taxi from Jammu, via Kud and Patnitop.
Situated 50 Kms. from jammu this small town serves as
the base camp for visting the famous shrine of
Vaishnodevi in the Trikuta hills
Located 103 Kms. from jammu, this popular resort is
situated on the Jammu-Srinagar Highway, at an altitude
of 1738 metres.
Mansar Lake - Mansar Lake located 62 Kms. from
Jammu is a beautiful lake fringed by forest-covered
hills. Boating facilities are available in the spot.
Every year around Baisakhi, a food and crafts festival
is organised here by J&K Tourism.
Sudh Mahadev - This holy spot near Patnitop is
situated at an altitude of 1225 mtrs., about 120 Kms.
from Jammu. The shrine is visited by pilgrims on the
full moon night of 'Sawan'(July-August) to worship the 'Trishul'(trident)
and a mace which is said to belong to Lord Shiva. The
Devak stream originates at Sudh Mahadev and disappears
among the rocks a few kilometres down stream.
Gauri Kund- Short of Sudh Mahadev is the legendary
spring where the Goddess parvati used to bath before
commencing Her daily prayers at Sudh Mahadev. This
spring came to be named after Her as 'Gauri Kund'.
Jammu is justly famous for its temples. Infact it is
known as the city of temples and the every fame of its
tends to overshadow its palaces, forts, forests and
powerful ziarats. If Bahu Mata is the presiding deity of
Jammu, the dargah of Peer Budhan Ali Shah is the other
shrine that protects Jammuites. The other major tourist
Raghunath Temple -
Situated in the heart of the city and surrounded by a
group of other temples, this temple, dedicated to Lord
Rama, is outstanding and unique in northern India.
Maharaja Gulab Singh, founder of the principality of
Jammu and Kashmir, began the construction of the
Raghunath Mandir Complex in the crowded downtown Bazaar
named after it, in 1835 AD and was completed by his son,
Maharaja Ranbir Singh, in 1860 AD. It consists of a
cluster of temples and is the largest temple complex in
northern India. Its inner sanctums contain gigantic
statues of deities and numerous ‘lingams’. It contains
representatives of almost the entire Hindu pantheon, ,
though the emphasis falls on the various incarnations of
Lord Vishnu, which make it a rare site to behold. The
complex houses a rich collection of ancient texts and
manuscripts. The inner walls of the main temple are
covered with gold sheet on three sides. There are many
galleries with innumerable 'saligrams'. The surrounding
temples are dedicated to various Hindu deities from the
Ranbireshwar Temple -
Located on Shalimar Road near the New Secretariat and
built by Maharaja Ranbir Singh in 1883 AD, this historic
temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva. It has one central
'lingam' measuring seven-and-a-half ft in height, twelve
Shiva 'lingams' of crystal measuring from 15" to 38" and
galleries with thousands of others carved on stone
Mahamaya Temple and City Forest
- On the bypass Road, behind Bahu Fort, the city forest
surrounds the ancient Mahamaya temple overlooking the
river Tawi. A small garden surrounded by acres of woods
provides the best view of the city.
Mubarak Mandi Palace -
The oldest buildings in this palace complex date back to
1824. The architecture is a blend of Rajasthani, Mughal
and even baroque elements. The most stunning segment is
the Sheesh Mahal. "The Pink Hall" houses the Dogra Art
Museum which has miniature paintings of the various Hill
Peer Khoh -
Peer Khoh is a cave shrine located on the Circular Road,
3.5 kms from the heart of the town. There is a naturally
formed Shiva lingam in the cave which is quite
mysterious as neither its antiquity nor its cause are
known. Legend has it that the cave leads underground to
many other cave shrines and even out of the country.
- Behind the Civil Airport is the famous durgah of the
Muslim saint, Peer Budhan Ali Shah. On Thursdays, Hindu
and Sikh devotees who visit this shrine, vastly
outnumber the Muslim devotees.
How to reach Jammu
Jammu is well connected to the rest of India by air.
Both Indian Airlines and Jet Airways operate daily
flights to Jammu. Other airlines such as Air Deccan also
fly to Jammu. The average flying time from Jammu to New
Delhi is about 80 minutes.
Jammu is directly connected to important cities like
Kolkata, Delhi and Kanyakumari. Besides, it is well
connected with other major cities of the country. In the
peak season of summer and other holidays, the Railways
introduce special trains for Jammu for the comfort of
the Yatris of Mata Vaishno Devi's shrine. Many superfast
trains also ply on this route and one can reach Jammu
Over Night from New Delhi, the capital of India.
Jammu is the terminus of a large number of Inter State
Bus Services. Jammu is well connected through road also
to rest of India. National Highway No. 1A passes through
Jammu towards Srinagar. Regular bus services from all
major North Indian cities are available for Jammu as
well as Katra. Many standard and deluxe buses of various
State Road Transport Corporations as well as private
operators connect Jammu with important cities and towns
of North India so you can get buses for Katra quite
easily from Jammu if you've plans to visit Mata Vaishno
Luxury coaches are operated by the Jammu & Kashmir
Tourism Development Corporation and the Jammu & Kashmir
Road Transport Corporation